As I’ve been reading and researching information about writing for the web, I realised that it will save me time to find a book on the topic by someone who already knows about it. After a bit of indecision and largely based on reviews on Amazon, I have chosen the book Writing for the Web by Crawford Kilian.
The author of this book spent 40 years teaching at community colleges and from what I’ve read so far appears to know what he is on about. In fact, just reading the introduction I learned a new concept for me, the difference between hypotaxis and parataxis, and the idea that hypertext relies more on parataxis in which ideas stand alone without being linked to the previous idea.
I’m wanting to learn without my existing biases getting in the way so it makes sense to carefully read through this book (and possibly others), putting what I learn into practise and also following through with further reading and research where I can.
More information about hypotaxis and parataxis:
How long does it take to read each book of the Bible? I found the graphic which prompted this post on the blog of Jeff Medders. There are also some fancier versions with the same numbers, an Old Testament one, and a New Testament version. As I was digging around the web researching this post I discovered that the source of the reading times appears to be the Desiring God article Three Tips for Better Bible Reading.
I also found another list with slightly different numbers here (if you click the link it will download the document).
What I have done is to combine the numbers to give a range of time to read each book, which I think is more realistic because we don’t all read at the same speed. Also, I suspect the Desiring God numbers may be a bit optimistic. For some books such as 1 & 2 Samuel, Desiring God only have one number for reading both books so I had to do a bit of an estimate to get the range. In these cases the time for reading both books as claimed by Desiring God is also listed.
I also found a list of the Flesch-Kincaid Reading Grade Level (lower is easier to read) for each book in the ESV (Crossway). The grade level is effectively equivalent to the expected reading level after that many years of school. This is more about how easy or difficult it is to parse each sentence rather than whether the passage is easy to understand. Also note that the algorithm chokes on poetry because it is weighted to assume short sentences are easier to read (hence the book of Job is rated as easy to read!)
- Genesis: 3 hrs 30 min – 4 hrs 35 min.
(50 chapters, 32,046 words) Reading level 6.3
- Exodus: 3 hours – 3 hrs 37 min.
(40 chapters, 25,957 words) Reading level 7.3
- Leviticus: 2 hours – 2 hrs 35 min.
(27 chapters, 18,852 words) Reading level 8.7
- Numbers: 3 hours – 3 hrs 35 min.
(36 chapters, 25,048 words) Reading level 8.5
- Deuteronomy: 2 hrs 30 min – 3 hrs 8 min.
(34 chapters, 23,008 words) Reading level 8.7
- Joshua: 1 hr 45 min – 2 hrs 8 min.
(24 chapters, 15,671 words) Reading level 9.4
- Judges: 1 hr 45 min – 2 hrs 5 min.
(21 chapters, 15,385 words) Reading level 7.4
- Ruth: 15 – 20 minutes.
(4 chapters, 2,039 words) Reading level 6.3
- 1 Samuel: 2 hrs 15 min – 2 hrs 45 min.
(31 chapters, 20,837 words) Reading level 6.4
- 2 Samuel: 1 hr 45 min – 2 hrs 18 min.
(24 chapters, 17,170 words) Reading level 6.7
- 1 & 2 Samuel: 4 hours
- 1 Kings: 2 hrs 8 min – 2 hrs 47 min.
(22 chapters, 20,361 words) Reading level 7.8
- 2 Kings: 2 hrs 8 min – 2 hrs 40 min.
(25 chapters, 18,784 words) Reading level 7.8
- 1 & 2 Kings: 4.25 hours
- 1 Chronicles: 2 hrs 15 min – 2 hrs 56 min
(29 chapters, 16,664 words) Reading level 8.7
- 2 Chronicles: 2 hrs 15 min – 3 hrs 2 min
(36 chapters, 21,349 words) Reading level 9.3
- 1 & 2 Chronicles: 4.5 hours
- Ezra: 40 – 58 minutes
(10 chapters, 5,605 words) Reading level 9.8
- Nehemiah: 1 hour – 1 hr 20 min
(13 chapters, 8,507 words) Reading level 8.9
- Esther: 30 – 40 minutes
(10 chapters, 4,932 words) Reading level 9.8
- Job: 1 hr 45 min – 2 hrs 49 min
(42 chapters, 12,674 words) Reading level 4.2
- Psalms: 5 hours – 7 hrs 38 min
(150 chapters, 30,147 words) Reading level 3.9
- Proverbs: 1 hr 45 min – 2 hrs 45 min
(31 chapters, 9,921 words) Reading level 5.3
- Ecclesiastes: 30 – 48 minutes
(12 chapters, 4,537 words) Reading level 6.0
- Song of Songs: 20 – 32 minutes
(8 chapters, 2,020 words) Reading level 4.9
- Isaiah: 3 hrs 45 min – 5 hrs 47 min
(66 chapters, 25,608 words) Reading level 5.5
- Jeremiah: 4 hours – 5 hrs 36 min
(52 chapters, 33,002 words) Reading level 7.5
- Lamentations: 20 – 36 minutes
(5 chapters, 2,324 words) Reading level 4.0
- Ezekiel: 3 hrs 45 min – 4 hrs 25 min
(48 chapters, 29,918 words) Reading level 7.1
- Daniel: 1 hr 15 min – 1 hr 20 min
(12 chapters, 9,001 words) Reading level 8.5
- Hosea: 30 – 51 minutes
(14 chapters, 3,615 words) Reading level 4.9
- Joel: 12 – 22 minutes
(3 chapters, 1,447 words) Reading level 5.6
- Amos: 25 – 43 minutes
(9 chapters, 3,027 words) Reading level 5.3
- Obadiah: 4 – 7 minutes
(1 chapter, 440 words) Reading level 6.1
- Jonah: 8 – 11 minutes
(4 chapters, 1082 words) Reading level 6.2
- Micah: 20 – 33 minutes
(7 chapters, 2,118 words) Reading level 5.6
- Nahum: 8 – 14 minutes
(3 chapters, 855 words) Reading level 3.8
- Habakkuk: 9 – 16 minutes
(3 chapters, 1,011 words) Reading level 4.3
- Zephaniah: 10 –17 minutes
(3 chapters, 1,141 words) Reading level 5.2
- Haggai: 7 – 9 minutes
(2 chapters, 926 words) Reading level 5.9
- Zechariah: 40 – 47 minutes
(14 chapters, 4,855 words) Reading level 6.9
- Malachi: 11 – 15 minutes
(4 chapters, 1,320 words) Reading level 6.3
- Matthew: 2 hrs 30 min – 2 hrs 55 min
(28 chapters, 18,346 words) Reading level 6.6
- Mark: 1 hr 30 min – 1 hr 55 min
(16 chapters, 11,304 words) Reading level 6.1
- Luke: 2 hrs 30 min – 3 hrs 10 min
(24 chapters, 19,482 words) Reading level 6.5
- John: 2 hours – 2 hrs 20 min
(21 chapters, 15,635 words) Reading level 5.6
- Acts: 2 hrs 15 min – 2 hrs 55 min
(28 chapters, 18,450 words) Reading level 8.3
- Romans: 1 hour – 1 hr 18 min
(16 chapters, 7,111 words) Reading level 7.1
- 1 Corinthians: 1 hour – 1 hr 10 min
(16 chapters, 6,830 words) Reading level 6.3
- 2 Corinthians: 38 – 40 minutes
(13 chapters, 4,477 words) Reading level 7.6
- Galatians: 20 – 25 minutes
(6 chapters, 2.230 words) Reading level 7.8
- Ephesians: 20 – 25 minutes
(6 chapters, 2,422 words) Reading level 11.7
- Philippians: 14 – 18 minutes
(4 chapters, 1,629 words) Reading level 9.0
- Colossians: 13 – 18 minutes
(4 chapters, 1,582 words) Reading level 9.0
- 1 Thessalonians: 12 – 15 minutes
(5 chapters, 1,481 words) Reading level 8.5
- 2 Thessalonians: 7 – 10 minutes
(3 chapters, 823 words) Reading level 8.8
- 1 Timothy: 16 – 20 minutes
(6 chapters, 1,591 words) Reading level 9.7
- 2 Timothy: 11 – 15 minutes
(4 chapters, 1,238 words) Reading level 9.1
- Titus: 7 – 10 minutes
(3 chapters, 659 words) Reading level 9.7
- Philemon: 3 – 5 minutes
(1 chapter, 335 words) Reading level 8.8
- Hebrews: 45 – 60 minutes
(13 chapters, 4,95 words) Reading level 9.5
- James: 16 – 20 minutes
(5 chapters, 1,742 words) Reading level 6.4
- 1 Peter: 16 – 22 minutes
(5 chapters, 1,684 words) Reading level 8.8
- 2 Peter: 10 – 12 minutes
(3 chapters, 1,099 words) Reading level 10.2
- 1 John: 16 – 20 minutes
(5 chapters, 2,141 words) Reading level 6.1
- 2 John: 2 – 3 minutes
(1 chapter, 245 words) Reading level 7.2
- 3 John: 2 – 3 minutes
(1 chapter, 219 words) Reading level 5.6
- Jude: 4 – 6 minutes
(1 chapter, 461 words) Reading level 8.5
- Revelation: 1 hr 15 min – 1 hr 40 min
(22 chapters, 9,851 words) Reading level 8.4
Swapping blogs for books
In 2017 I did a lot of reading. Some of that was books, but a large amount was articles and blog posts on the internet. As a result of consuming an estimated 3,650 written articles from the web last year, I’ve come to the conclusion that my time could be better spent reading books instead.
Some of the reasons for this conclusion are:
- Many blog posts end up repeating much the same information as others (especially anything about how to do something with WordPress).
- Due to the shorter format of even a long web article, reading off the internet is wide but shallow. Good books enable a deeper exploration of a topic.
- Most web articles are not particularly well researched (there are exceptions and I love those).
- Reading from a computer screen in the evening is detrimental to good sleep, something that is becoming more important to me as I get older.
- I have a massive list of books I want to read!
Therefore, in 2018 one of my goals is to devote my evening reading time to books rather than web articles. In theory this should result in a jump in the number of books I read, and maybe even see me knock off some heavy duty tomes which I keep putting off diving into despite knowing that I will gain much from digesting them.
A sort-of related goal for this year is that I want to do much more writing. Last year I spent a lot of time tinkering around with websites. I consider this to have been valuable learning experience and don’t regret the time invested but have realised that I’m unlikely to become a full web developer and want to improve my writing skills in 2018 rather than continuing to focus on web development.
The obvious way to improve my writing is to write more, so expect to see much more published on this blog in 2018 than over the last few years. Not all of what I write will end up here (be glad for that), some will be junk, some will be purely practise and some won’t be stuff I want to publish on the internet.
I do see the potential hypocrisy in wanting to read less from blogs yet intending to publish more on my own blog. However, nobody is forcing you to read my blog and it hurts no-one for posts to sit here lonesome and unread. In the long run if my writing improves any lonely unread posts will have been worth the effort.
At the end of the poetry anthology Sinners Welcome by Mary Karr there is an essay by the author in which she discusses part of her journey of faith and the role of poetry in that journey. From reading it I realised how shallow my own experience of poetry is and that while setting out to read a poem a day is definitely worthwhile, it is just scratching the surface of truly experiencing poetry.
In memorizing the poems I loved, I “ate” them in a way. I breathed as the poet breathed to recite the words: Someone else’s suffering and passion entered my my body to change me, partly by joining me to others in a saving circle.
For the year ahead (i.e., 2018) I will continue reading a poem each day to broaden my experience, but I also would like to latch on to a couple of poems that really speak to me and read them over many times, write them out, speak them out and let them take root in me until I can feel the poem as well as read or recite it.
I am not a huge poetry fan. I’d like to be, poetry is a sophisticated art and appreciating the art form is a good step in becoming a better writer. Beyond that, poetry at it’s best can touch upon what it means to be human and this I am interested in. This is well expressed in a blog post I read today:
… Since that moment, I’ve believed very deeply that poetry’s sole purpose is to attach us to one another, and I’ve lived by poetry’s guidance to allow that kind of connection to grow in my life. If a poem isn’t reaching out its hand, then I get bored and move on.
I want poems of the bystander trying to make sense of the world. I want poems of rich experience written by women and men unable to turn away from what they must see and what they must say. I want poems that awaken me. If the poem is too detached or too ecstatic, I bristle—they’re fallacies of human emotion. I want the poem that gives life by being true to life. (Dave Harrity at tweetspeak poetry)
I love reading. I particularly love reading books. Blogs and websites and short documents are fine, but they cannot compare to the pleasure of reading a good book.
Aside from a general preference for books, there are many reasons why I read. Why I am reading not only influences what I choose to read but also how I read it. Some books are read slowly from cover to cover, others are skimmed, some are dipped into as the mood takes me, and then there are the reference tomes that are only read in small bits as required.
Here are some of the reasons I read:
- To be reminded: some stuff is just too valuable to leave shut up on the shelf.
- To escape into a good story for a while.
- Learning: some books are a challenge for me to read but I know they are good for me.
- To be jarred and jolted into a deeper view of of being human.
- Out of curiosity: sometimes a book just makes me want to know what it is about.
- Someone else recommends the book: I have to admit that this is not always a good reason for me – I’ve slogged through a lot of books that came well recommended but just weren’t of much interest to me.
- I like the author’s other books: not always reliable, but certainly more useful to me than recommendations from others.
I’m sure there are good reasons I’ve left out, maybe I will add to this list over time. Or you can add your own reasons why you read in the comments for this post.
Of making many books there is no end, and much study is a weariness of the flesh.
(Ecclesiastes 12:12 ESV)
External links related to this topic: